Periodontal Therapy

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. It is caused by the bacteria in plaque, a sticky, colourless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If not removed through daily brushing and flossing, plaque can build up. The bacteria infect not only your gums and teeth, but eventually the gum tissue and bone that support the teeth. This can cause them to become loose, fall out, or they may have to be removed by a dentist.

There are three stages of gum disease:

  1. Gingivitis: This is the earliest stage of gum disease, an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque build-up at the gumline. If daily brushing and flossing do not remove the plaque, it produces toxins (poisons) that can irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis. You may notice some bleeding during brushing and flossing. At this early stage in gum disease, damage can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place are not yet affected.
  2. Periodontitis: At this stage, the supporting bone and fibres that hold your teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. Your gums may begin to form a pocket below the gumline, which traps food and plaque. Proper dental treatment and improved home care can usually help prevent further damage.
  3. Advanced Periodontitis: In this final stage of gum disease, the fibres and bone supporting your teeth are destroyed, which can cause your teeth to shift or loosen. This can affect your bite, and if aggressive treatment cannot save them, teeth may need to be removed.

How do I know if I have gum disease?

Gum disease can occur at any age, but it is most common among adults. If detected in its early stages, gum disease can be reversed, see your dentist if you notice any of the following symptoms:

  1. Gums that are red, puffy or swollen
  2. Gums that bleed during brushing or flossing
  3. Teeth that look longer because your gums have receded
  4. Gums that have separated, or pulled away, from your teeth, creating a pocket
  5. Changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  6. Pus coming from between your teeth and gums
  7. Constant bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth.

How is gum disease treated?

  1. The early stages of gum disease can often be reversed with proper brushing and flossing. Good oral health will help keep plaque from building up.
  2. A professional cleaning by your dental professional is the only way to remove plaque that has built up and hardened into tartar. Your dental professional will clean or “scale” your teeth to remove the tartar above and below the gumline. If your condition is more severe, a root planing procedure may be performed. Root planing helps to smooth irregularities on the roots of the teeth making it more difficult for plaque to deposit there.

By scheduling regular check-ups, early stage gum disease can be treated before it leads to a much more serious condition. If your condition is more advanced, treatment will be required.

Book your next appointment with ARCA Dental today

(08) 9305 4254

5 star Though I live on a different continent, Dr. Kushal has been a family friend since the beginning of time. Being a dentist here in the US, and swapping dental stories when we all met in the UK, I have the utmost confidence in Dr. Kushal! If I lived there in Australia, I would definitely be a patient there!!!! Looking forward to your many years of success!!! Cheers!
Shailee Patel -

5 star Brilliant caring and professional. Kid friendly. My kids dont dread going to a dentist anymore
Paresh Gandhi -

5 star If you are looking for the Best you have just found it.
Bernadette Yeo -

No longer scared of the dentist. If your looking for a local dentist try Arca in Currambine. I love how they don't do anything drastic unnecessary and i felt very well looked after PLUS it didn't cost me an arm and a leg- so i now have no excuses not to have a check up regularly! Feeling relaxed now....excuses not to have a check up regularly! Feeling relaxed now....
Sarah - Jane Thomas -

Fantastic dentist who me & my family highly recommend (especially to people who are very nervous about visiting the dentist), Kushal & his team do an amazing job
Carole Webber -

A relaxed and kind dentist, and lovely assistant. They had a large TV where they played my favourite music on youtube, while they cleaned my teeth. A great experience!
Whitney Swopes -

Very professional
Kaylene Lynch -

Well had an unexpected visit to dentist today so looked up on Google who to go to . Went to ARCA that was local and my experience was amazing right from reception to dentist Ms. Bolton and even assistant . I get very anxious at the dentist due to many years of orthodontic work , they made me feel comfortable and understood my fears . Didn't cost an arm and a leg either . Very happy customer here and highly recommend them.
Tiffany Anderson Dowling -

Big shout out to ARCA Dental in Currambine. They managed to fit me in at the last minute today and I encountered a very friendly and professional service (and it didn't cost the earth!) Highly recommended!
Gary Langham -

Yesterday I attended an appointment at Arca Dental in Currambine and it was a great experience. The dentist was so lovely and friendly and he couldn't have done more to impress me. I would highly recommend giving this practice a go for your next dental appointment!!
Toni Bettini -

A unique and enlightening experience. Better than I have had elsewhere. Highly recommended. Will be back. Thank you.
Terry -

My family and I visited Arca dental for the first time today for a check up. I cannot recommend them enough. Massive thank you to everyone, the office is beautifully presented, all the staff were lovely, so friendly and helpful. We've been looking for a great dentist for 6 years, looks like we've found him. See you in 6 months!
Suzanne Hawkes -

My second visit. Absolutely lovely, looking forward to my next visit. Thanks x
Sandra Cook -

Great once again! Will be back!
Kirsty Christmas -